Pilea), lianas, herbs (e.g. Forsskaolea angustifolia achenes, by Omar Hoftun.jpg 3,456 × 4,128; 2.16 MB Characteristics Flowers In het hier gehanteerde APG II-systeem (2003) is de familie aanmerkelijk uitgebreid. Leaves: Alternate, petiolate- petiole long and hollow; simple, lobed, exstipulate, palmately veined; tendrils present in the axil of leaf or opposite to the leaf. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.) belongs to the family Urticaceae. – false nettle P: Genus Cypholophus Weddell – lopleaf P: Genus Dendrocnide Miq. Title: URTICACEAE Author: Anthony Robert Brach Created Date: 10/24/2003 9:23:01 AM Export citation [ RIS] [ BibTeX] Overview; Citation formats; Ruo-Nan Wang; Richard I. Milne; Xin Yu Du; Jie Liu; Zeng-Yuan Wu; Related Edinburgh Organisations. Cystoliths generally present. The family is of little economic importance except for Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaudich. They have usually unisexual flowers and can be both monoecious or dioecious. They have usually unisexual flowers and can be both monoecious or dioecious. APG still considers "old" Urticales a monophyletic group, but does not recognise it as an order on its own. The family Urticaceae Jussieu consists of approximately 54 genera with more than 2000 species, and is widely distributed in tropical regions but less common in temperate regions, with by far the largest concentration of genera and species in tropical … Meaning of family Urticaceae. The Urticaceae are distinctive in being usually monoecious or dioecious herbs, shrubs, trees, or lianas, often with calcium carbonate cystoliths, some taxa having stinging trichomes, the flowers small, wind … Here, we report 25 new plastomes for Urticaceae, including 12 plastomes from five Debregeasia species and 13 plastomes from other genera. Previous systematic studies based on morphology, or using up to four plastome regions, have not … Modern molecular phylogenetics suggest the following relationships[6][7] (see also [8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]): The Urticaceae are subject to many bacterial, viral, fungal, and nematode parasitic diseases. 3. – stingingnettle P: Genus Laportea Gaudich. Family Tiliaceae – Linden family : Contains 11 Genera and 32 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Clappertonia Meissner – clappertonia P: Genus Colona Cav. Urticaceae (Nettle family) - 145 images at images, phylogeny, nomenclature for (Urticaceae) Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Pronunciation of Urticaceae with 1 audio pronunciation, 4 synonyms, 3 translations and more for Urticaceae. In de nieuwe samenstelling zijn de leden van de familie kruiden, lage heesters, lianen en soms bomen.De familie komt wereldwijd voor, maar vooral in de tropen: ze telt meer dan … What does family Urticaceae mean? Physical Characteristics As a family, cucurbits are herbaceous annuals or perennials with a storage root and mostly moist vines. Nettle Family. – a family of plants of order Urticales including many nettles with stinging hairs 1 It likes to grow in moist woodland soils, so look for it along streams or rivers. The family is typical of the nettle order.. Family Characteristics. Their leaves are usually entire and bear stipules. The Urticaceae include a number of well-known and useful plants, including nettles in the genus Urtica, ramie(Boehmeria nivea), māmaki (Pipturus albidus), and ajlai (Debregeasia saeneb). The small greenish flowers often form clusters in the leaf axils. Many species, especially the nettles (Urtica) and Australian nettle trees (Laportea), have stinging hairs on the stems and leaves.The leaves are varied and the sap is usually watery. Synonyms for family Urticaceae in Free Thesaurus. Species of Urticaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 52 plant genera. The stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ) grows wild in nitrogen-rich soil on the edges of fields, stream banks, waste places, and close to stables and human habitations throughout the United States and Europe. The APG II system puts the Urticaceae in the order Rosales, while older systems consider them part of the Urticales, along with Ulmaceae, Moraceae, and Cannabaceae. A wash of stinging nettle tea or common mullein tea (Verbascum thapsus) will often alleviate the stinging. De brandnetelfamilie (Urticaceae) is een familie van bedektzadigen.In Nederland is de bekendste vertegenwoordiger de brandnetel.. (2008) for recent phylogenetic analyses of the family and close relatives. What does Urticaceae mean? Cecropia contains many myrmecophytes.[3]. The family Cannabaceae currently consists of Cannabis and Humulus, plus eight genera formerly in the Celtidaceae: Celtis, Pteroceltis, Aphananthe, Chaetachme, Gironniera, Lozanella, Trema, and Parasponia. Members of the family are often evergreen species that thrive on open barren land with usually acid poorly drained soils. [4] A Colombian fossil flora of the Maastrichtian stage has yielded leaves that resemble leaves of the tribe Ceropieae.[5]. The fruits are either dry nutlets or drupes. Definition of Urticaceae in the Definitions.net dictionary. The stems and leaves of many species—especially the nettles ( Urtica ), the wood nettles ( Laportea ), and the Australian stinging trees ( Dendrocnide )—have stinging trichomes (plant… Synonyms for family Urticaceae in English including definitions, and related words. If you're not sure what to do from here, take a look at this Help page for instructions. Den virtuella floran: Urticaceae; Butterflies. This fibrous perennial is found throughout the world in temperate regions from Japan to the Andes Mountains. 荨麻科 qian ma ke Authors: Jiarui Chen, Prof. Qi Lin, Ib Friis, C. Melanie Wilmot-Dear & Alex K. Monro Herbs, subshrubs, or shrubs, rarely trees, very rarely climbing, stems often fibrous, sometimes succulent. Of these 1,303 are accepted species names. Species of Urticaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 52 plant genera. family Urticaceae synonyms, family Urticaceae pronunciation, family Urticaceae translation, English dictionary definition of family Urticaceae. Corrections? Economic Importance of Rosaceae: 1. Want help getting started? Urtica dioica L., as a plant rich in biologically active compounds, is considered one of … Nettle family Urtica dioica (Stinging nettle) Scientific classification; Kingdom: Plantae. Habit Herbs, shrubs, lianas or small trees, monoecious, dioecious or rarely polygamous, some genera with stinging hairs, but also frequently with stiff non-stinging hairs, which may be curled or sharply hooked; usually with punctiform, elongated or linear cystoliths in epidermal cells However, phylogenetic relationships within order are still not well resolved, but the principal families recognized are Rosaceae, Rhamnaceae, Ulmaceae, Cannabaceae, Urticaceae, and Moraceae. See Friis (1993) and Kubitzki (1993a) for general information about the family and Sytsma et al. Urticaceae, the nettle family (order Rosales) comprising about 54 genera and 2,625 species of herbs, shrubs, small trees, and a few vines, distributed primarily in tropical regions. Three genera of the family have stinging hairs: Urtica, Laportea, and Hesperocnide, the last being a native of California. Young leaves and stems are edible when cooked like spinach. Urtica, Parietaria), or, rarely, trees (Dendrocnide, Cecropia). Fruits: Urticaceae (Nettle Family) Urticaceae is a small family in the Bay Area, with three native species and two known European varieties. The curled stamens of the male flowers straighten quickly as the flowers open, releasing the pollen. Debregeasia is an economically important genus of the nettle family (Urticaceae). Description. (2002) and Hadiah et al. Both male flowers and female flowers may be borne on the same plant, though some species are dioecious (producing male flowers on one individual and female on another). 4. The family is typical of the nettle order. Ant-plant mutualisms are abundant in the tropics and are popular models for ecological study, but investigating the origin and evolution of such systems requires a phylogenetic framework. Twelve species based on fossil achenes are known from the Late Cretaceous of Central Europe. Most disperse their pollen when the stamens are mature and their filaments straighten explosively, a peculiar and conspicuously specialised mechanism. Urticaceae definition is - a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees (order Urticales) including many with stinging hairs and having small monoecious, dioecious, or polygamous apetalous flowers followed by fruits that are usually achenes. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Urticaceae, Order: Rosales) Wikipedia. The plants grow either prostrate along the ground or climb using tendrils.25 They rarely grow as trees, shrubs or bushes. Meaning of Urticaceae. The flowers have a perianth of 4 or 5 segments, 4 or 5 stamens in the male flowers, and a 1-called ovary in the female. 5. Urticaceae species can be shrubs (e.g. The stinging hairs secrete acid into the skin when their brittle tips are broken upon touching. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Characteristics and Mutational Hotspots of Plastomes in Debregeasia (Urticaceae) Debregeasia is an economically important genus of the nettle family (Urticaceae). (2002) and Hadiah et al. Antonyms for family Urticaceae. Colinvaux et al., Characteristics and mutational hotspots of plastomes in Debregeasia (Urticaceae) Research output: Contribution to journal › Article. Comparing it to its cousins, Wood nettle has much broader leaves, but has similar looking flowers growing along the stem, (compare with picture: Stinging nettle 2). Members of the family Urticaceae have varied leaves and sap that is usually watery. Please e-mail Thomas J. Elpel to report mistakes or to inquire about purchasing high resolution photos of these plants. It likes to grow in moist woodland soils, so look for it along streams or rivers. Urticaceae A family of small trees, shrubs, or dicotyledonous (see DICOTYLEDON) herbs, often with stinging hairs, with simple leaves, and only small, usually unisexual, clustered flowers. Most were assigned to the extant genera Boehmeria (three species), Debregeasia (one species) and Pouzolzia (three species), while three species were assigned to the extinct genus Urticoidea. The plants of the family are world wide in distribution and are abundant in Europe, N. America and Eastern Asia. The Plant List includes a further 501 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the family Urticaceae. – false nettle P: Genus Cypholophus Weddell – lopleaf P: Genus Dendrocnide Miq. Flora of Tropical East Africa. P: Genus Corchoropsis Siebold & Zucc. Het kunstwerk Urticaceae (Nettle Family) Illustration from the 'Book of Simple Medicines' by Mattheaus Platearius - Robinet Testard leveren wij als kunstdruk op canvas, poster, dibond of op kunstpapier. Ventilago denticulata is a strong climber. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The stems and leaves of many species—especially the nettles (Urtica), the wood nettles (Laportea), and the Australian stinging trees (Dendrocnide)—have stinging trichomes (plant hairs) that cause a painful rash upon contact. Annual or perennial herbs, shrubs or small trees, monoecious or dioecious, sometimes with stinging hairs. Common plants of the family: 1. 45-48 genera, 700-1000 species. Now we've left the Urtica genus, but are still in the Urticaceae family. Family: Urticaceae Links. Korscheltellus lupulinus - Common Swift Cnephasia alticolana Pandemis dumetana Clepsis rurinana VU Clepsis pallidana Epiphyas postvittana - Light Brown Apple Moth Orthotaenia undulana The dry one-seeded fruit often is enclosed by the outer whorl of the flower cluster. – stingingnettle P: Genus Laportea Gaudich. 2. De bloemen zijn lange, hangende aren die ook weer rozerood getint zijn. The small greenish flowers often form clusters in the leaf axils. Moraceae pollen is generally only identified to the family taxonomic level and has hitherto been grouped together with the nettle family (Urticaceae) because of morphological similarity between grains (e.g. that produces ramie fibre, and some herbaceous species that are cultivated as ornamentals. Urticaceae the nettle family comprising about 45 genera of herbs, shrubs, small trees, and a few vines, distributed primarily in tropical regions. Stipules usually present. What are synonyms for family Urticaceae? U bepaalt de grootte helemaal zelf Dioecy (having individuals with separate sexes) appears to be the primitive state in Moraceae. Previous systematic studies based on morphology, or using up to four plastome regions, have not … Many species, especially the nettles (Urtica) and Australian nettle trees (Laportea), have stinging hairs on the stems and leaves. Title: URTICACEAE Author: Anthony Robert Brach Created Date: 10/24/2003 9:23:01 AM Urtica, Parietaria), or, rarely, trees (Dendrocnide, Cecropia). Key Words: Small flowers with colored sepals, no petals and often triangular seeds. The plant seeds itself, and, in favorable conditions, nettle spreads freely from it… By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Urticating (stinging) hairs are often present. Family Urticaceae – Nettle family : Contains 19 Genera and 86 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Boehmeria Jacq. The long fibres in the stems of some species, such as ramie (Boehmeria nivea), are used in the textile industry. Some are annual herbs, others are perennials than die back each year and sprout up new growth from an underground root network. nettle family (Description coming soon) This Family’s Genera in New England: Boehmeria; Laportea; Parietaria; Pilea; Urtica; Visit this family in the Dichotomous Key. The links take you… A common ant-plant mutualism in the Neotropics involves the genus Cecropia, a group of fast-growing pioneer trees that are important in forest regeneration. 2 synonyms for family Urticaceae: nettle family, Urticaceae. Annual nettle is rarer, smaller and annual (of course). Most disperse their pollen when the stamens are mature and their filaments straighten explosively, a peculiar and conspicuously specialised mechanism. Family: Polygonaceae. The Urticaceae include a number of well-known and useful plants, including nettles in the genus Urtica, ramie (Boehmeria nivea), māmaki (Pipturus albidus), and ajlai (Debregeasia saeneb). Updates? The leaves are varied and the sap is usually watery. •Leaves are very large, sheathing the stem, and arranged spirally with a thick oval midrib, veins running from the midrib to the leaf margin. The fossil record of Urticaceae is scattered and mostly based on dispersed fruits. characTerisTics of This planT family leaves, sTem & rooTs ~ •Non woody, herbaceous plants, with thick pseudostems formed from the leaf sheaths. What does Urticaceae mean? Cecropia, which has variously been placed in the Moraceae, Urticaceae, or their own family, Cecropiaceae, is now included in the Urticaceae. The family name comes from the genus Urtica. Information and translations of Urticaceae in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Nettle is a member of the Urticaceae family, which includes as many as 500 species worldwide. The Urticaceae Family was named and described by Antoine Laurent de Jussieu in Genera Plantarum in 1789. It is commonly known as rose family. The simple leaves are usually oppositely arranged along the stem and can be toothed or entire. Many species are tropical. Most of the members of the family are tropical, the genus most common in the north temperate zone is Plants of the World Online lists 54 accepted genera in this family commonly known as the nettle family. Urticaceae. The leaves are initially entire, but torn by the wind. The Plant List includes 4,747 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Urticaceae. Urticating (stinging) hairs are often present. & G. Forst. They are wind-pollinated. The Urticaceae/ɜːrtɪˈkeɪsiː/are a family, the nettle family, of flowering plants. Urticaceae species can be shrubs (e.g. 1989. They are herbs, trees or shrubs sometimes with stinging hairs. How to say Urticaceae in English? The tendrils can grow branched or … Moraceae family is, however, not well captured in Amazonian fossil pollen records. Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word family Urticaceae. P: Genus Hesperocnide Torr. Comparing it to its cousins, Wood nettle has much broader leaves, but has similar looking flowers growing along the stem, (compare with picture: Stinging nettle 2). Leaves alternate or opposite, simple or lobed, usually strongly 3-veined from the base. Sageretia oppositifolia (H. Goata) – A climbing shrub, fruit small, black sweetish edible, wood is hard grained. P: Genus Elatostema J.R. Forst. For more information about this family of plants, please click on the links below. The Plant List includes 4,747 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Urticaceae. buckwheat family. The family name comes from the genus Urtica. Systematic Position of the Family in Different Systems of Classifications: Family: Urticaceae. The flowers are solitary or borne in clusters and typically feature 5 petals, 5 sepals, and 10 stamens (male parts). The Family Cannabaceae. Gouania tiliaefolia is a climber with inferior three-winged fruits. Now we've left the Urtica genus, but are still in the Urticaceae family. Both male flowers and female flowers may be borne on the same plant, though some species are dioecious (producing male … Nettle Family, Urticaceae The Nettle family contains 52 genera and over 1,300 species worldwide, but in Finland only one genus ( Urtica ), which many people are surprised to learn has two species. Urticaceae Jussieu . Our New England species in the Polygonaceae are primarily herbs or vines. The trumpet tree (Cecropia peltata), a tropical American species that has hollow stems inhabited by biting ants, is an extremely aggressive invasive species. & G. Forst. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Urticaceae, Order: Rosales) Wikipedia. A list of all accepted names in Urticaceae is available in CSV format. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Urticaceae, The Families of Flowering Plants - Urticaceae, nettle family - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). In Acanthosicyos … [2] The largest genera are Pilea (500 to 715 species), Elatostema (300 species), Urtica (80 species), and Cecropia (75 species). Monoecy has evolved independently at least four times within the family. Urticaceae Hiervan zijn de stengels prachtig rozerood getint en ook het blad, dat een hele lange, spits toelopende punt heeft, heeft roze bladstelen. Pilea, a genus of creeping plants that includes the artillery plant (P. microphylla), and pellitory (Parietaria), a genus of wall plants, are grown as ornamentals. Inflorescences usually cymose, densely clustered. Urticaceae, the nettle family (order Rosales) comprising about 54 genera and 2,625 species of herbs, shrubs, small trees, and a few vines, distributed primarily in tropical regions. Nettle Family, Urticaceae The Nettle family contains 52 genera and over 1,300 species worldwide, but in Finland only one genus ( Urtica ), which many people are surprised to learn has two species. Omissions? List of Plants from Urticaceae Family (Total 1 Plants from Urticaceae). Media in category "Urticaceae" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. Characteristics and Mutational Hotspots of Plastomes in Debregeasia (Urticaceae) Debregeasia is an economically important genus of the nettle family (Urticaceae). Urticaceae Juss. Taxa overall: Down one level: Genus Entelea R. Br each year and sprout up new growth an... Upon touching curled stamens of the nettle family ( Urticaceae ) is familie. List includes 4,747 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Urticaceae ( Urtica dioica L. Gaudich... Know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login.. Oppositifolia ( H. Goata ) – a family of plants of the nettle family Urtica (. Open, releasing the pollen ) Research output: Contribution to journal › article sap that is usually.! 9:23:01 AM Urticaceae Juss ( Verbascum thapsus ) will often alleviate the nettle. What you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article pollen when the stamens are mature their., of flowering plants and conspicuously specialised mechanism ) for recent phylogenetic analyses of the world in temperate regions Japan. Plants of Order Urticales including many nettles with stinging hairs plants from Urticaceae ), Laportea and. Photos of these plants het hier gehanteerde apg II-systeem ( 2003 ) is een familie van bedektzadigen.In is... Unisexual flowers and can be both monoecious or dioecious releasing the pollen flowers are solitary or borne in clusters typically... Alternate or opposite, simple or lobed, usually opposite leaves and sap is. Small flowers with colored sepals, no petals and often triangular seeds with three native species and two known varieties. 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Elpel to report mistakes or to inquire about purchasing high resolution photos of these plants we report 25 plastomes... Hairs secrete acid into the skin urticaceae family characteristics their brittle tips are broken upon touching to. Dendrocnide Miq, but are still in the Polygonaceae are primarily herbs or vines cluster! Opposite, simple or lobed, usually opposite leaves and stems are edible cooked. Tears ( Helxine soleiroli ), a mosslike creeping plant with round,... Are usually oppositely arranged along the ground or climb using tendrils.25 they rarely grow trees... Nettle P: Genus Dendrocnide Miq 2 synonyms for family Urticaceae have varied leaves and occasionally squarish usually! Urticaceae translation, English dictionary definition of family Urticaceae known European varieties Rosales Wikipedia! Cypholophus Weddell – lopleaf P: Genus Dendrocnide Miq Genus, but species. 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