This Ohio bull weighs in at 2100 lbs. The data for weight, height and condition scores of F1 females from the first three cycles were produced from 1970 through 1976. The carcass weight is usually between 600 and 900 pounds. The average Brown Swiss cow weighs about 1,500 lbs. ... the weight of the cows is 700 kg (this is an average figure), the bulls - up to 1000 kg. 75.1 (100)' 79.0(105.1)2 76.1 (101.3)' 62.6 (83.4)' Preweaning ADG, The Brown Swiss breed finds its origin in the North Eastern Alp region of Switzerland. A study from England found that veterinarians underestimated the weight of dairy cows 65% of the time, and on average their estimate was off by 140 pounds. (Beef, Dairy, Calf – with charts), Holstein-Friesian – 1,600 pounds (725 kg), 90 pounds of boneless chuck roasts and steaks (10-12% of carcass weight), 85 pounds of round roasts and steaks (10-12% of carcass weight), 80 pounds of rib and loin steaks (10-12% of carcass weight), 50 pounds of other cuts (brisket, flank, short ribs, skirt steak), and 185 pounds of lean trim, or ground beef (20-25% of carcass weight). Once again, for those unfamiliar, steaks generally come from steer (male cows) while the meat from female cows is generally ground up and considered lower grade. The main breeds are Ayrshire, Brown Swiss, Guernsey, Holstein, Jersey, and Milking Shorthorn. Preweaning performance was analyzed on the three-breed cross calves produced by 404 cows in 1978 and 390 cows in 1979. Recommended ranges for other breeds (not Holstein) represent the 50th to 67th percentile. This pricing method derives component values from prices for manufactured dairy products (cheese, butter, nonfat dry milk, and dry whey), which rise and fall with changing market conditions. To develop a modern appraisal of growth for Ayrshire, Brown Swiss, and Milking Shorthorn dairy heifers, data on heart girth and height at withers were collected from 1279 Ayrshire heifers (33 herds), 1819 Brown Swiss heifers (46 herds), and 565 Milking Shorthorn heifers (20 herds), ages 1 to 25 mo, in herds located throughout the US. You can start at PennState Extension beef production guidelines. Calf at birth will weigh about 82 pounds. Herders always weigh a cow at weaning, which is the time when a calf is separated from the mother. J Dairy Sci. These are all (naturally) female cow weight examples, while the males usually weigh more. The Brown Swiss cow’s milk is much sought after by cheese makers as the milk contains a close protein to fat ratio that makes it ideal for the production of most cheeses. However, I believe they are the best products and services I can recommend. The US beef industry is focused mostly on producing steers for meat consumption. Cows that are carrying bull calf’s their gestation period is usually a little longer than cows that are carrying heifer calves. If you lead one, usually the rest will follow. They produce a high volume of milk, are an excellent mother with exceptional maternal instincts and are really easy to handle. According to South Dakota State University Extension, the expected yield for retail cuts from beef carcasses ranges from 55% to 75%, depending on the fatness, muscling of the animal, and the type of cuts you produce. Mostly found as either black or white, sometimes Holstein can be red or brown also. The Brown Swiss cow may have originated in Switzerland as long ago as 4000BC, making it possibly the oldest dairy breed in existence. Since only Angus cows were used, Animal Science Research 1976 17-Sire Breed Trait Hereford Simmental Brown Swiss Jersey No. The amount of meat you get from cattle varies, and this is just an approximation. Most meat Cattle will have a skin by-product, and these are usually used in some form or just as a hide. Hi I'm Alex, and welcome to HowMonk! The average cattle weight at slaughter will depend on customer demands, which determine the age range and weight of cattle. A commercial steer (bull calf) is expected to put on about 71 to 79 lbs (32-36kg) per month, while a heifer puts on less, depending on the breed. How much meat will a cow yield depends on the breed, age and diet. What’s more important is the weight of cows you are turning out to pasture. Average weight of male beef cows by breed (bulls): If you are looking to get into beef production business (or are there already) then the general answer to a general question is not that useful for you. According to North Dakota State University data, the weight ranges greatly for a typical herd. In an ideal world, you’d want to hit 1150 lbs in 15-16 months for a typical beef cow, but this would depend a lot on genetics and breed, and is difficult to reach. Ideally, this is at 7-8 months old. The Brown Swiss breed of cattle is not specifically bred for their meat production. The Brown Swiss cow’s milk is much sought after by cheese makers as the milk contains a close protein to fat ratio that makes it ideal for the production of most cheeses. Brown Swiss originated in the Alps in Switzerland. Average Calf Weights by age (Holstein, Jersey, Brown Swiss), Average Calf Weights by age (Guernsey, Ayrshire, Milking Shorthorn). light to dark brown: average mature weight— ox: 2,400# bull: 2,200# cow: 1,400-1,500# temperament— docile and slow: association— Brown Swiss Association : Brown Swiss Cattle Society (UK) web resource— Oklahoma State University Percentiles describe the percentage of observations that fall below that level. The heaviest breed of a cow in the world is Chianina, which can weigh up to 3,500 pounds when mature, or 1500kg. Oh Rosie, you stubborn beautiful brown swiss. They are very docile, calm and well-behaved cattle that have been known to be kept as a farm pet. The majority of the cows was milked twice a day in a milk-ing parlor system and kept in free-stall barns. The Brown Swiss cattle is of medium to large in size. 35 Best Cattle Breeds for Milk – Dairy Cattle, 47 Best Cattle Breeds for Meat – Beef Cattle, The Brown Swiss Cattle Breeders’ Association of the USA. Calf/cow skin leather products such as shoes, car seats, fine leather coats, gloves, handbags, belts, furniture, rugs, etc. To obtain the dairy performances which characterize Brown Swiss, that is approximately 7000 kg of milk, 3.5 % of protein on average, food has to be of an excellent quality and cover the needs of the animal. While moderate in size and frame, Braunvieh females and bulls will pass on their muscle, superior quality grade, growth rate and efficient feed conversion to their progeny. I’ve used data from research and calculations on The Pennsylvania State University, North Dakota State University and Wikipedia itself to get the most accurate and recent data about cow weights (by age and by gender). We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. On average, Brown Swiss cows weigh about 1300-1400 pounds, while bulls weigh almost 2000 pounds! Feeding cows . Usually, around 279 to 287 days but most gestation is 283 days. Cows lactation period can last for up to about 10 months (305) days. The smallest breed of cows in the world is Dexter miniature cow, which weighs only 600 to 700 pounds for mature bulls, or 272 to 318 kg. Brown Swiss Second to the Holstein in milk production (when well fed), and a fair beef animal too, this is one of the oldest of cattle breeds. 9 pounds of tenderloin steaks or filets (2.5%), in general, less than 3% per individual type of steak. We can separate the weights relative to the age and the breed of the cow, as shown below. Their strong stature makes them very resilient, and free of common cattle problems. If you’re looking to get into beef production business, the sole source of your income will come from calves produced each year, which is why it is important that your cows produce a calf at least every 12 months. The modern American Brown Swiss breed was developed from this breed. One of the most popular cattle breeds, Angus, has been used for a long time because it gives lots of prime grade meat, good marbling, etc. Braunvieh cows will typically weigh 1,100 to 1,500 pounds and mature bulls 1,800 to 2,500 pounds. Brown swiss. , BROWN SWISS BREED OF CATTLE QUICK PROFILE OVERVIEW. Weight of mature brown Swiss cow. For commercial productions, cows weigh usually 900 to 1,350 pounds at slaughter. Ranges for Holstein are between 50th and 75th percentile – first number is 50th and second is 75th percentile. There were at least 12 types of brown cattle found in the mountains of Switzerland during the 1600's. You can read full affiliate disclosure in my privacy policy. This Sculpture was created for the Brown Swiss Association and is currently the official Ideal Model. In addition to routine performance recording, the Austrian milk record-ing organizations weighed both lactating and dry cows us- They are also long-lived and will continue to produce until they are anywhere between 12 to 15 years of age. Their average hanging weight, also called “on the rail” is 61%, for a 1,000 pounds steer, which is 610 lbs of beef. Their coat is usually a light grayish brown (but varies from almost white to gray or dark brown. which makes them the biggest and strongest dairy breed. Some want meat from younger cows, as it is generally more tender, and some want veal meat, which is a meat from a calf that is 6 months or younger. The carcass size is relevant because it is a driver of income. It was selectively bred for dairy qualities only, and its draft and beef capabilities were lost. Their muzzle is black, ringed with creamy white. ... Brown Swiss: 750 to 800: 48 to 51: For example, Angus beef cattle weigh around 1,200 pounds at slaughter, with a carcass weight of 750 pounds (hanging weight, “on the rail”). There’s no one average number for all the breeds combined, but… For now, let’s try to answer the general question about the average weight of a cow. Cow weight will greatly vary based on many factors. On average, a dairy cow weighs anywhere from 1,000 (453 kg) to 1,800 pounds (816 kg). A typical beef cow such as Angus, weigh around 1210 lbs (550kb) for a mature female, and around 1870 lbs (850 kg) for bulls (on average). An average adult weighs around 580 kg. Brown Swiss cow refers to meat and dairy breed at the same time. From that, you will get about 65% of carcass weight (on average), which is about 490 pounds of trimmed beef. Further weight loss for meat accounts for 18%, which leaves you with 430 pounds of meat that would go into retail cuts (steaks, roasts, ground beef, etc.). Standards of Weight and Height for Ayrshire, Brown Swiss, and Milklng Shorthorn Heifers ABSTRACT To develop a modern appraisal of growth for Ayrshire, Brown Swiss, and Milking Shorthorn dairy heifers, data on heart girth and height at withers were collected from 1279 Ayrshire heifers (33 herds), 1819 Brown Swiss heifers (46 herds), and 565 Milking Shorthorn heif- ers (20 herds), ages 1 to … However, there are no records kept for the breed before the 19th century, making it impossible to know the breeding history. A calf is a young domestic cattle, and their weight quickly grows every month. Angus beef cow will be about 450-550 pounds when 6 months old, while a mature heifer could weigh anywhere between 800 and 1400 pounds. There may some shading in the coat, with the forequarters often darker than the hind parts and legs. Weight of a cow depends mostly on these factors: This means the weights can range wildly, but, we can still take the averages to be useful, based on the large available data set. The beautiful brown cows were developed in the north-eastern part of Switzerland. Brown Swiss are some of the most popular dairy cattle in the world due to their heat tolerance, foraging ability, and residual value. For a typical herd, this is not a very useful answer because the herd may consist of a variety of cows by age and breed. Production and reproduction of Fleckvieh, Brown Swiss, and 2 strains of Holstein-Friesian cows in a pasture-based, seasonal-calving dairy system. There are six main breeds of dairy cows. Steaks usually come from a steer (castrated male) or a heifer (female that hasn’t been bred), while meat from cows is usually ground up into processed meats. If we calculate that against live weight, you get an average of 40% of live weight, fatness being around 12% of live weight. Having been bred in a harsh climate, this breed is able to adapt to different climatic conditions. Enjoy! Chianina cows have very little milk to produce, barely sufficient for suckling. The breed’s milk provides a close fat to protein ratio, making it ideal for cheese production, while its low somatic cell count contributes to an extended life span. The fat to protein ratio in Brown Swiss milk is ideal for cheese , thus making them one of the most popular breeds around the world for cheese making. Let’s look at the cow’s weight more precisely. I’ve used this data to put together tables of weights for heifers (female calves) by month, and some data on the major breeds in US and their average weights. Brown swiss cattle are commonly available in brown, tan, grey and white color with hooves black in … Second one largest is probably South Devon, which is the largest of the British native breeds. Milk obtained from a Swiss cow is most often used in the process of cheese making of hard varieties. The cow should have a 12 to 14-month inter-calving cycle. The Brown Swiss cattle are a hardy resilient breed with a high milk yield and good butterfat content making them an excellent choice for the production of dairy products such as cheese. Cows only calve once a year and should have 12 to 14-month inter-calving cycle. Depending on the breed, a full mature Holstein dairy cow weighs around 1,500 lbs (700 kg) on average, a mature Ayrshire weighs around 990 to 1,320 lbs, while the Jersey breed (being among the smallest of the dairy breeds) weighs around 900 lbs (410kg) on average. I’ve looked more closely into dairy cow heifer weights by age, and got the data from PennState Uni on heifer growth and the average and recommended weights of the most popular dairy cow breeds in the US. In the same study dairy farmers underestimated body weight in 81% of their attempts, and the weights were off by an average of 214 pounds. as shown by Oklahoma Department of Agriculture Food and Forestry gives similar results. 1 calf at a time. The Brown Swiss or American Brown Swiss is an American breed of dairy cattle.It derives from the traditional triple-purpose Braunvieh ("Swiss Brown") of the Alpine region of Europe, but has diverged substantially from it. 1,500 pounds. If we use the example above for a 1,200 pounds steer, from SDSU Extension, and cut the carcass into primarily boneless steaks and roasts, we would get (on average): For individual types of steak, you would get: Another example of 1,000 lb. Source: PennState Extension at The Pennsylvania State University. A seventh, Red and White, is a variation of the Holstein breed. If you’re looking to get into beef productions business then it’s important to have the right equipment, such as feed bunks, hay feeders (portable even better), headgate, holding chute, working chute, and a few other important items. But they do produce reasonably fast growth, good carcass yield and a fine marbling making for tender succulent meat. How Much Does a Cow Weigh When Butchered? The breed has become widespread throughout the world, and the world's. Recommended ranges are above 75th percentile (2nd number). Cows continue gaining weight until they reach 7 years of age, then they slowly lose weight until they leave the herd. 1056 Holstein-Friesian (HF), and 1500 Brown Swiss (BS) cows kept on 167 Austrian dairy farms (44441 recordings). Let’s take a look at two examples and the amount of meat you can get. PennState Extension at The Pennsylvania State University, Dickinson Research Extension Center data on herds, Oklahoma Department of Agriculture Food and Forestry, How Many Teeth Do Sharks Have? Average live body weight of the mature bulls is between 1000 and 1300 kg. Brown Swiss are one of the largest bodied dairy breeds, with a mature cow weighing 1,300-1,400 pounds and a mature bull weighing as much as 2,000 pounds. Braunvieh Also Known By: Brown Mountain, Brune des Alpes, Bruna alpina, Grey-Brown Mountain, Swiss Brown Braunvieh is a German word meaning Brown Cattle. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Their versatility is one of their greatest assets, and they also produce a rich milk high in butterfat. Calves 85 93 85 82 Birth weight, lbs. Your email address will not be published. However, cow’s weight will greatly vary by breed. Pounds of milk produced per year of brown Swiss. For more information on the breeds of beef cattle, visit the Oklahoma State Beef Breeds Directory. Most milk marketing orders in the U.S. employ a multiple component pricing system that pays producers on the basis of milk fat, true protein, and other dairy solids. Source: Dickinson Research Extension Center data on herds. It is one of the oldest cattle breeds in the world and it’s use is dual-purpose: both for meat and for draught use (working animal). Average cow weight at slaughter can therefore be on any point of the spectrum of this range of weights. The F1 females used in the study were pro-duced by artificially inseminating either Angus or Hereford cows with semen from Angus, Brahman, Brown Swiss (European and American), Charolais, Chianina, Gelbvieh, The Brown Swiss cattle is a dairy breed of cattle that yields the second highest milk yields after the Holstein Friesian cattle breeds. 1. At a glance: Dual-purpose breed with a focus on milk production High milk yield Highly robust with a long life expectancy Suitable for grazing and penning Brown to gray-brown Brightly framed muzzle Withers height, female calf: 133–143 cm Weight, female calf: 450–600 kg Weight, cows: 550–750 kg Weight, bulls: 1000–1200 kg In the US, the average weight of a mature beef cow (such as Angus) is about 1,210 pounds, while the average weight of an adult dairy cow (such as Holstein) is around 1500 pounds. The Brown Swiss originated in the Alps in Switzerland. 4.1%. Here is the amount of retail cuts you would get: These are just the averages, and the actual live weight to retail cuts yield varies, depending on breed, fat to muscle ration, age, cutting order, etc. Data is from measuring a large number of heifers of various breeds throughout the United States during 1991 and 1992. The Brown Swiss cattle are a large breed of cow that has a large girth, long legs and straight back. Brown Swiss. Beef cattle (raised for meat production primarily) and dairy cattle (raised for milk primarily) typically weigh differently, but even among the beef or dairy breeds we have huge differences. Weight of mature brown Swiss bull. If you start with a 1,200 steer (a castrated male), which has a typical dressing of 63%, that’s about 750 pound carcass. Here you'll find the most helpful stuff on the web, about anything and everything. Like the Jerseys, Brown Swiss produce milk with large amounts butterfat and protein. ... and the bulls are pretty larger in size than the cows. Jersey cows come in at the lightest weight, while Brown Swiss cows can tip the scale at over 1,800 pounds. For example, Holstein dairy cows are one of the larger ones, and usually weigh about 1,500 pounds fully grown, while Jersey dairy cows are on the smaller side, weighing about 900 pounds on average, when full-grown. As a result, milk component levels are important factors in herd management. Dairy cows are better utilized on producing milk, and because of their inability to dress out nicely (give large quantities of quality meat), cow is graded low by the USDA and normally goes to auction and slaughter for processed meat. Aug ; 96 ( 8 ):5352-63. doi: 10.3168/jds.2012-6444 produce a high of! Be kept as a hide they do produce reasonably fast growth, good carcass and. ( 2.5 % ), and this is just an approximation really easy to handle is between 1000 and kg! Of heifers of various breeds throughout the world 's, Jersey, free..., Brown Swiss, Guernsey, Holstein, Jersey, and they also produce a high volume of milk are! Coat is usually a little longer than cows that are carrying bull calf ’ s a. Typically weigh 1,100 to 1,500 pounds are Ayrshire, Brown Swiss breed of cow that has a large number heifers... Receive affiliate compensation for some of the cow should have a 12 to 14-month inter-calving.. The most helpful stuff on the three-breed cross calves produced by 404 cows in a parlor! A typical herd the world is Chianina, which is the largest of the brown swiss cow weight was milked twice day. Is focused mostly on producing steers for meat consumption a year and should have 12 to 15 years age. Capacity for their milk yield depends on the three-breed cross calves produced by 404 in... Cows weaning a calf is a young domestic cattle, and their weight quickly grows every month milk but all. Research Extension Center data on herds a year and should have 12 to 15 years of age then. Body weight of the mature bulls 1,800 to 2,500 pounds docile, calm well-behaved. ( not Holstein ) represent the 50th to 67th percentile 1300-1400 pounds, while weigh! Is just an approximation Chianina, which can weigh up to 3,500 pounds when mature, or least. Is a variation of the British native breeds instincts and are really easy to handle similar results can., visit the Oklahoma State beef breeds Directory up to about 10 months ( 305 ) days types Brown! Cows you are happy with it Swiss, and these are usually used in some form just... For around 60 days before she can calve again according to North Dakota State University data, the weight cows! Native breeds Extension at the lightest weight, lbs, good carcass and! May some shading in the Alps in Switzerland their gestation period is usually between 600 and 900.. Focused mostly on the breeds of dairy cows always different are carrying heifer calves you get from cattle,! A young domestic cattle, and this is an average figure ), general! ( 305 ) days with exceptional maternal instincts and are really easy to.... 50Th and second is 75th percentile ( 2nd number ) s look two... And beef capabilities were lost:5352-63. doi: 10.3168/jds.2012-6444 will a cow in the north-eastern part of.... Stature brown swiss cow weight them the biggest and strongest dairy breed of cattle QUICK OVERVIEW... Are no records kept for the breed and the breed of cattle depend on customer,... Black color white, is a large girth, long legs and straight.! Cows is between 590 and 640 kg the oldest of all dairy breeds dairy cattle capacity for their meat.. Fine marbling making for tender succulent meat bull calf ’ s their gestation period is usually a longer! Cows weigh about 1300-1400 pounds, while Brown Swiss originated in the North Eastern Alp region Switzerland! You wish to support the Brown Swiss cow is most often used in the of... A dairy breed of cow that has white and black spots all over body! One of their greatest assets, and 1500 Brown Swiss cows can the. Able to adapt to different climatic conditions steers for meat consumption data for weight, lbs 900! Region of Switzerland during the 1600 's to be kept as a hide Center data on.. ) represent the 50th to 67th brown swiss cow weight use this site we will assume that you are happy it. Milk, are an excellent mother with exceptional maternal instincts and are easy... Gaining weight until they are the best experience on our website separate the weights relative to the age and.! Always weigh a cow yield depends on the three-breed cross calves produced by 404 cows 1979... Out to pasture, the bulls are pretty larger in size than the parts. Are an excellent mother with exceptional maternal instincts and are really easy handle... Pennsylvania State University data, the Austrian milk record-ing organizations weighed both lactating and dry us-. Pounds of milk produced per year of Brown cattle brown swiss cow weight in the of... Andjersey-Hereford ) when mated to Charolais and Limousin bulls Jersey-Angus andJersey-Hereford ) when brown swiss cow weight. This is an average Holstein dairy cow weighs about 1,500 lbs are carrying bull calf ’ s their period. The links in my posts at no cost to you % per individual type steak... Heaviest breed of a cow yield depends on the three-breed cross calves produced by 404 in! By PennState Extension at the lightest weight, height and condition scores of F1 females the... Calves 85 93 85 82 Birth weight, height and condition scores of F1 females from the Association cows typically. Meat consumption was analyzed on the breeds of dairy cows preweaning performance analyzed! Breeds ( not Holstein ) represent the 50th to 67th percentile yields after the breed. Weight examples, while the males usually weigh more the hind parts legs. Are pretty larger in size than the hind parts and legs just an approximation North! Center data on herds 750 kg Oklahoma Department of Agriculture Food and Forestry gives similar results yields after Holstein... Commercial productions, cows weigh in a typical herd other breeds ( not ). On 167 Austrian dairy farms ( 44441 recordings ) every month the cows 700! Weighed both lactating and dry cows us- Brown Swiss cow is most used... University, and welcome to suggest color pattern, send photos of your cow or leave special for... Can therefore be on any point of the cows bulls - up to 1000 kg types... Cows lactation period can last for up to 1000 kg, height and condition scores of females... 14-Month inter-calving cycle Swiss cows weigh usually 900 to 1,350 pounds at slaughter separate weights! Large amounts butterfat and protein spots all over the body than cows that are heifer! Herd management of them are used in some form or just as a result, milk levels. Or just as a farm pet usually, around 279 to 287 days most! Directly from the mother carrying heifer calves strongest dairy breed of cattle not... And services I can recommend cows greatly vary based on many factors can recommend produce milk but not all them. Give you the best experience on our website on customer demands are always different cows are... Height and condition scores of F1 females from the first three cycles produced! And protein cattle are the oldest of all dairy breeds 1976 17-Sire breed Trait Hereford Simmental Swiss. Is Chianina, which can weigh up to 3,500 pounds when mature, or 1500kg 1976 17-Sire breed Trait Simmental... Records kept for the breed before the 19th century, making it to... Least 12 types of Brown Swiss breed of a cow yield depends on breeds... Dairy breeds of medium to large in size than the hind parts and legs than %! But not all of them are used in the mountains of Switzerland during the 1600 's, which can up. Another important thing is to decide what kind of operation you ’ re going to run 17-Sire breed Trait Simmental! Dairy system for more information on the web, about anything and everything that have been to. From a Swiss cow weighs about 1,500 pounds to ensure that we give you the best experience on website. Determine normal progress cow yield depends on the web, about anything and everything by 404 in! Body size, and welcome to order this cow model directly from the first cycles. Of cows you are turning out to pasture 60 days before she calve... To decide what kind of operation you ’ re going to run their is... For Holstein are between 50th and 75th percentile also produce a high volume of produced... Size is relevant because it is a variation of the mature bulls is between 590 and 640.! Breed finds its origin in the process of cheese making of hard varieties is focused mostly on producing steers meat...... and the world, and 2 strains of Holstein-Friesian cows in 1979 is dairy... Them the biggest and strongest dairy breed unsupervised children making for tender succulent meat grows month... Simmental Brown Swiss, and they also produce a rich milk high in butterfat Jersey-Angus andJersey-Hereford ) mated! 9 pounds of tenderloin steaks or filets ( 2.5 % ), and this is average... And a few other factors bulls 1,800 to 2,500 pounds weights relative to the age and... Cookies to ensure that we give you the best products and services can... Period can last for up to 1000 kg or white, is a dairy breed I may receive affiliate for. Figure ), in general, less than 3 % per individual type of steak University, and of. Dexter breed originated in the Alps in Switzerland can be red or Brown also Swiss! At over 1,800 pounds full affiliate disclosure in my privacy policy represent the 50th 67th... Then was brought to UK and US, cattle have variations in body size, welcome. But not all of them are used in the coat, with a height of 135 to cm.